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Agriculture News । आज की खेती की खबर 13/07/2020

ट्रैक्टरज्ञान आपके लिये लाया है कृषि जगत से जुड़ी आज की मुख्य खबरें!

1.न्यूजीलैंड के किसान ने बनाया गेहुं की सबसे अधिक पैदावार का रिकॉर्ड। 


 

न्यूजीलैंड के किसान एरिक वॉटसन ने प्रति हेक्टेयर गेहूं कि सबसे अधिक पैदावार का गिनीज़ वर्ल्ड रिकॉर्ड बनाया, उन्होंने 17.398 टन प्रति हेक्टेयर की पैदावार की जिसके साथ उन्होंने अपना ही 16.791 टन प्रति हेक्टेयर का पिछला वर्ल्ड रिकॉर्ड तोड़ दिया जो उन्होंने 2017 में बनाया था। आपको यह मालूम होना चाहिए कि न्यूजीलैंड में सिंचित गेहूं पैदावार 12 टन प्रति हेक्टेयर की दर से होती है।

एरिक बताते है कि उन्होंने हमेशा से ही ज्यादा फसल उत्पादन पर ज़ोर दिया है, नए तरह से खेती करना, फसल हर पौधे के स्वास्थ्य का बराबर निरीक्षण करते रहना और तरल नाइट्रोजन का इस्तेमाल इस सफलता का कारण है।

उन्होंने बताया इस रिकॉर्ड पर उन्हें गर्व है इसके पहले 2017 में रिकॉर्ड बनाया था तब वे चकित और उसके बाद से और अधिक उपज प्राप्त करने के तरीकों पर गौर करने लगे।

एरिक द्वारा अप्रैल 2019 में केरिन किस्म (जिसे केडब्लयूएस तैयार करता है) के गेहूं की बुआई की गई और फरबरी 2020 में कटाई की गई। दोनों रिकॉर्ड बनाते समय में एरिक ने बायर क्रॉप साइंस के कृषि विद्वानों के साथ कार्य किया है।


 

2.केसीसी योजना से पाएं लाभ

सरकार द्वारा किसानों के हित में किसान क्रेडिट कार्ड योजना की शुरुआत की गई है । ताकि किसानों को लोन के लिए साहूकारों के पास ना जाना पड़े । इस योजना के तहत किसानों को महज 4% की दर से कम अवधि का लोन मिलता है । अभी तक इसके तहत लाखों किसानों को लाभान्वित किया गया है । 

इसके अंतर्गत आपको 7% की दर से 1 साल या भुगतान की तिथि तक भुगतान करना होता है । समय पर भुगतान करने से आपको 3% की अतिरिक्त छूट मिलती है । इसमें सभी तरह के केसीसी लोन पर अधिसूचित फसल और इलाके के लिए कृषि बीमा दिया जाता है । इस योजना का फायदा हर वर्ग के किसान उठा सकते हैं । व्यक्तिगत के साथ-साथ संयुक्त भूमि एवं किराए पर खेती करने वाले किसानों को भी इसका लाभ मिलेगा । SBI जैसे बड़े बैंक भी ये क्रेडिट कार्ड किसानों को उपलब्ध करा रहे हैं । 

 योजना के लिए आपको आवेदन पत्र के साथ-साथ पहचान पत्र एवं पते की पुष्टि के लिए प्रूफ जैसे कि वोटर आईडी पैन कार्ड या आधार कार्ड की जरूरत होगी ।


 

3.The super healthy Jasmine Rice.

Jasmine rice is a new healthy element in the diet of people. Basically, there are two varieties of Jasmine rice named as jasmine white rice and Jasmine brown rice. Brown rice is the most preferred because of its nice taste and richness in nutrients, vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and carbohydrates than white ones. They have this nice smell when cooked because of the evaporation of the 2-Acetyl-1-pyrroline during boiling.

And one can easily grow jasmine rice at their home, they just have to do some little work. Jasmine rice needs a mild climate, a place full of sunlight and nice water. First, you have to choose a suitable place for jasmine rice then you have to sow the pre-soaked (for 12-36 hours)jasmine rice seeds in the pits. Just sow the rice seeds in a straight line and make sure to cover the pits with soil. To ensure that jasmine rice gets the proper amount of water, make beds around the rows and water the plants daily. Once the jasmine rice plants grow to a height of 15 inches in 90-180 days then let them get dried up. Now you just have to remove the rice from plants and here is yours nice and healthy jasmine rice.


 

4.Measures taken by Central to Prevent Crop Loss

The locust swarms have become a daunting challenge for all. After crossing lakhs of km they have successfully destroyed numerous crops of several countries. 

In India, the procedure started in early April and till now, the government has carried out its operations in more than 1.5 lakh hectares area. For the concerned task 60 control teams and 200 government personnel are engaged in locust control operation. To make the process even more strong 55 additional vehicles are employed and five Companies with 15 drones are also added.

Later on, the Air Force was also engaged in the process. According to reports, no major crop loss has witnessed but minor crop loss happened in some states. It is possible that locust reattack may happen in mid-August.


 

5. Heavy rains and high prices of fuel has resulted in hiking up of tomato prices.

Due to unusual heavy rain in June the production of Tomato along with cauliflower, French beans, green peas, bitter gourd and capsicum has decreased resulting in hiking up of vegetable prices. Tomato went from Rs. 1-2kg to Rs. 40-50 per kg while the prices of other vegetables went up by 25-30% in wholesale markets of Delhi and Mumbai.

According to Ashok Kaushik the past president of Tomato Association of Azadpur mandi as the prices of tomato hit bottom in May it caused losses to farmers. Due to it farmers decreased the area under tomato plantation and unusual heavy rains in some parts resulted in less production of tomato Himachal Pradesh and Karnataka.

Cyclone Nisarga also resulted in heavy rains in areas like Maharashtra and Karnataka hence resulting in drop of supply of tomato in states like Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Not only heavy rains but hike in fuel prices is also a major cause that resulted in hiking up of vegetables prices as it raised the transportation costs.

According to officials as the farmers have just replanted the seeds the price of these veggies may remain all hiked up during the next one month.


 

6. New Methodology for Rubber trees.

Scientifically known as Ficus elastica the rubber plants are high yielding trees. They grow up to a height of 50 feet and do not require much maintenance. Proper light and water are their main requirements. They require bright indirect sunlight that is not too hot. They also require the right amount of water. It needs to be kept moist. It is also good to wipe off the leaves of your rubber tree with a damp cloth or spritz it with water. we should also take care to not water them too much. The rubber rows are considered to be two-row pairs and the gap between the two rows should be five meters. The spacing between rows should be 3.2 m each between all the pairs. This method can be used for a long time as more sunlight is available between these two pairs of rows. Thus using this method 440 rubber seedlings can be planted per hectare. 

This method has made farming more efficient and the average output has also increased.



 

Read More

https://tractorgyan.com/tractor-industry-news-blogs/277/who-should-buy-mahindra-tractor

https://tractorgyan.com/tractor-industry-news-blogs/276/agriculture-news-11072020

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