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Agriculture News । आज की खेती की खबर 14/07/2020

ट्रैक्टरज्ञान आपके लिये लाया है कृषि जगत से जुड़ी आज की मुख्य खबरें!

1.खरपतवार पहुंचाते है गन्ने की फसल को भारी नुक़सान, ऐसे करें बचाव। 


 

गन्ने की फसल में खरपतवार पैदावार कम करने का काम करते है,खरपतवार के कारण प्रति एकड़ 80 क्विंटल उपज के साथ लगभग 30 से 40 प्रतिशत फसल कम होती है। खेत में अनचाहे पौधे जो फसल के साथ निकल आते है उन्हें खरपतवार कहते है,ये ना केवल फसल को बल्कि खेती यंत्रों को भी नुक़सान पहुंचाते हैं।

गन्ने की फसल में दो पंक्तियों के बीच दूरी दूसरी फसलों की तुलना में अधिक होती है,ऐसे में खरपतवारों के उगने के लिए ज्यादा जगह मिलती है। गन्ने की फसल के साथ वो भूमि से अधिक नाइट्रोजन और फास्फोरस लेते है,उन्हें सूरज की पर्याप्त रोशनी मिलती है और फसल में डाले जाने वाले उर्वरकों का भी वे लाभ उठाते है।

किसान खरपतवार नियंत्रण पर कम ध्यान देते है लेकिन ये जरूरी है। खरपतवार नियंत्रण के लिए किसानों को खेत में फसलों की बदल बदल कर बौआयी करनी चाहिए, गन्ने का पौधा जब छोटा हो तो उसके साथ आलू प्याज आदि की सह फसल खेत में बोनी चाहिए,2 पंक्तियों के बीच मिट्टी की गुड़ाई, खरपतवार नाशक का छिड़काव और गन्ने की सूखी पत्तियां भी बिछानी चाहिए। इन सब तरीकों से खरपतवार उगेंगे नहीं या नष्ट हो जाएंगे।



 

2.काले चावल की बढ़ रही मांग


 

नाबार्ड से मिली श्री पद्धति की ट्रेनिंग के बाद किसानों ने काले चावल की खेती शुरू की है जो कि अब 112 किसान 250 एकड़ में कर रहे हैं । ब्लैक राइस को छत्तीसगढ़ में करियाझिनी के नाम भी जाना जाता है। पिछले साल हुई पैदावार 25 टन थी जो कि इस साल 50 टन होने की संभावना है । पिछले साल में किसानों के काले चावल सफेद चावल के मुकाबले दोगुनी कीमत पर बिक गए । वर्तमान में स्थानीय बाजार में काले चावल की कीमत 100 से ₹200 किलो के बीच है । तो वही बड़े शहरों में या चावल ₹400 किलो तक बिक रहा है । इंडोनेशिया समेत कई देशों में भी इस ब्लैक राइस की डिमांड तेजी से बढ़ रही। कारण इसके फायदे काले चावल कार्बोहाइड्रेट से मुक्त होते हैं । और इसी कारण ही शुगर पेशेंट और हृदय रोगों के लिए लाभकारी होते हैं । इनकी मदद से कोलेस्ट्रॉल लेवल को भी नियंत्रित किया जा सकता है । स्वास्थ्य के दृष्टिकोण से यह चावल अत्यंत लाभकारी है , तो वही इसकी खेती किसानों के लिए भी बहुत फायदेमंद है ।


 

3.Know everything about Pepper farming & how to Prevent Certain Diseases related to Pepper Cultivation

Black pepper is a crop cultivated for its fruit,  peppercorn, which is dried and used as a spice. Black pepper is believed to be native Kerala and is extensively cultivated there and elsewhere in tropical regions like Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Vietnam is the world's largest producer and exporter of pepper, as of 2013. It is the world's most traded spice and is one of the most common spices added to cuisines around the world. Pepper crop is mainly grown in mountainous areas like Kanyakumari, Nilgiris, Keelbhavaniin Tamil Nadu. It grows well in well in drained soils. In clay and sandy soils, the crop does not grow well. A pH between 4.5 to 6.6 is better for pepper to grow. Pepper crops need rain and high temperatures to grow well. It is majorly grown between June and December. Pepper crop breeding is done by the vein cutting method. It is a sensitive plant and can be attacked by insects and moth so the utmost care must be given to the plant.


 

4.Now earn profits through Mushroom farming.



 

Mushroom farming can help you earn a quite decent amount of money and that too without much investment of nearly about 10k per month. The Oyster mushrooms help in controlling diabetes and blood pressure and unlike most of the other foods, they taste nice. The place where you will grow the mushroom should have 20-30 °C temperature,55-70% humidity for more than half of a year. After selecting the perfect place for mushrooms disinfect it completely from all walls to the floor. The room should have the perfect amount of light and wind because too less and too much both will damage the mushrooms growth. Generally, formalin and bevistin are used as a disinfectant. Now we need spawn and substance for the substrate which could be straw, sawdust, cardboard, coffee grounds, etc. For buying, you can understand that you need 2.2 kg of substrate for 1 kg of spawn. Then just soak the substrate in a sufficient amount of water for a day and after it let it dry completely. After that, you have to make several polythene bags filled with 3 layers of spawn which should be around 100 gms and 3-4 layers of the substrate in between spawn then create 10-12 smaller holes in the bags and leave it for 18-20 days. The spawn will turn into a nice mushroom after the completion of almost 45 days. Oyster Mushroom farming is a very economical and easy way to earn a nice profit, you just have to perform all the steps with little care.


 

5.The Hardship of Tea Planters

Heavy rainfall in the Northeastern region of India has become a reason for concern for many tea planters. Especially in the states like Assam and West Bengal, the situation is even worse because the planters are expecting the gross loss of about 20-25% in the peak production season from July to October. The season is very prominent as it accounts for about 51% of the total annual output.

If the Planters try to pour oil on troubled water then the speculations of tea scientists have enhances their problem to another level. The scientists claim about even behemoth crisis. The long term crisis will occur because of the tea plants remain deprived of sunshine for longer duration then it affects the photosynthesis and food producing mechanism of the plants. Besides, the continuous heavy rainfall also upsurges the soil erosion which leads to making tea plants deficient in nutrition. Therefore, this is something which the tea planters have to suffer for a long go.


 

6.An organic "All in One" alternative for your chemical pesticides, fungicides, antibiotics and micronutrient supplier. 


 

As we can see that excessive use of chemical pesticides for a long time has resulted in damaging our soil. It’s now time that we should switch to eco-friendly organic pesticides instead of these chemical pesticides to bring back the nutrients of our soil as well as to grow chemical free healthier crops.

Organic pesticides are way better than chemical pesticides as they are non-toxic, risk free, cheap and can be easily made in home. They don’t even raise the immunity of pests like chemical pesticides and still give impressive results without use of any heavy chemicals. As well as the crops or fruits grown with the help of organic pesticides are much healthier than the chemical ones.

So here is the “All in One” organic pesticide, fungicide, antibiotic and micronutrient supplier for your crops and flowers that can be easily home.

PROCEDURE YOU NEED TO FOLLOW TO MAKE ALL IN ONE ORGANIC PESTICIDES

·   You have to take 5 Liters or less water according to your garden size.

·   Take 100 grams of sour curd and 200 grams of molasses or homemade gur syrup and mix it in water.

·   Stir this mixture nicely using a stirrer.

·   Then add 100 grams of boiled rice and 50 grams of yeast powder to this mixture.

·   Then you need to keep this mixture to ferment while stirring it once everyday in the morning for the next 7 days.

·    After 7 days you will find a dark brown coloured mixture with a very bad odour. You need to filter out this mixture (cover your nose with cloth while filtering it out to save yourself from its bad odour) and your All in one pesticide is ready.

· Fill this in sprinklers and you can use it as pesticides, fungicides, antibiotics or micronutrient supplier for your plants for the next 15 days as it can be only stored for 15 days.



Read More

https://tractorgyan.com/tractor-industry-news-blogs/279/ban-on-pesticides-will-increase-farmers-income

https://tractorgyan.com/tractor-industry-news-blogs/278/agriculture-news-13072020

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