TOP 6 NEWEST TECHNOLOGIES IN AGRICULTURE
In recent years, the adoption of digital technologies in precision agriculture has been adjusting the ways that farmers treat crops and manage fields. One doesn’t have to be an expert to see how the technology has changed the concept of farming making it more profitable, efficient, safer, and simple.
Since fields are location-based, GIS software becomes an incredibly useful tool in terms of precision farming. While using GIS software, farmers are able to map current and future changes in precipitation, temperature, crop yields, plant health, and so on. It also enables the use of GPS-based applications in-line with smart machinery to optimize fertilizer and pesticide application; given that farmers don’t have to treat the entire field, but only deal with certain areas, they are able to achieve conservation of money, effort, and time.
Predicting yields, as well as conducting almost real-time field monitoring, with a view to detect a variety of threats with satellite data in service has never been so easy.
The sensors are able to give imagery in various spectra, allowing for the application of numerous spectral indices, such as the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). NDVI allows for the detection of vegetation content, the amount of wilting plants, and overall plant health.
With the assistance of drones farmers have an opportunity to define crop biomass, plant height, the presence of weeds, and water saturation on certain field areas with high precision. They deliver better and more accurate data with higher resolution in comparison to satellites.
Precision Planting makes collecting data from within the seed trench a reality, without having to get down on ones’ hands and knees or even make another trip across the field, since it’s integrated within the planter itself. According to Precision Planting, “unprecedented sensing capability will allow farmers to not only map row-by-row organic matter, soil moisture, and furrow residue, but also to perform on-the-go control of planting population .
5.INTERNET OF THINGS
The term the Internet of Things (IoT) has a very Silicone-Valley vibe, but its potential benefit to agriculture should be clear. Essentially, it’s connecting all the disparate devices we use in the field to monitor and measure the work we do, and making the information they provide fully accessible.
6. CROP GENETICS & PEST MANAGEMENT
Farmers and scientists are using plant selection and breeding techniques to improve crop yield. Plant breeders are working to improve germplasm to develop seeds with the best mix of characteristics to deliver the best yield according to soil and weather conditions. Plant breeders use a mix of both traditional and modern methods to improve plants.
As a result, modern farms get significant benefits from the ever-evolving digital agriculture. These benefits include reduced consumption of water, nutrients, and fertilizer, reduced negative impact on the surrounding ecosystem, reduced chemical runoff into local groundwater and rivers, better efficiency, reduced prices, and many more. Thereby, business becomes cost-effective, smart, and sustainable. Let’s discuss some of these agricultural technologies.
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